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Emory Women Writers Resource Project

The Gentlewomans Companion, an electronic edition. Edited with an introduction by Katherine Ellison

by Anonymous

date: 1673
source publisher: Printed by A. Maxwell for Dorman Newman
collection: Early Modern through the 18th Century

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Choice and Experimental Observations in Physick and Chyrurgery, such which rarely fail'd any who made trial thereof.

A most approved Receipt for a Quartane Ague.87

PRocure a white flint-stone (for that will best endure the fire without breaking) and let it lye in a quick fire till it be red-hot, then take some small beer and quench it therein; when the fit is coming, let the diseased drink a good draught thereof, and another in the midst thereof; let this be done four several days both in the fit, and when the fit is coming. This I have been credibly inform'd was a receipt a woman had her livelihood from, in curing several when all other means proved ineffectual.

For a sudden and violent bleeding at the nose.

Take an Egg-shell and burn it to a coal, then pulverize or beat it to a fine powder, and let the person snuff it up his Nostrils, or take your two thumbs and press them hard against the Temples of the Bleeder, and you would admire how speedily it will divert the course of the blood. For those that are accustomed thus to bleed, let them make an ordinary Posset, taking off the curd, let the juice of Liverwort beaten be added thereunto, and so drink morning and evening.

To stop the Bleeding of a Wound.

Take Vervine dried, and reduce it to powder; or take the sole of an old stocking and burn it, put the ashes of the one, or powder of the other, to the wound, and it will leave bleeding.

An approved Medicine of London-Midwives to break and heal Womens sore breasts.

Take red Sage and Oatmeal the finest you can get, and boil them together in Spring-water, till you have boil'd them to a consistency, that is as thick as to make a Plaister88 ; then add thereunto a fit proportion of Honey; having boil'd a little while together, take it off the fire, and whilst it is boiling-hot, make it indifferent thick with the best Venice-Turpentine, then spread it on fine leather, or linnen-cloth, and laying it on the sore breast it will first break it, and afterwards perfectly heal it.

An excellent way to dry up a Womans breast. | | 30

Of Linseed-Oyl and English Honey, take of each a peny-worth, of white-wax half a peny- worth, and half a quarter of a pound of sweet butter, boil all these together, spread a Plaister thereof, and lay it on the breast. Probatum est.89

An infallible receipt to increase milk in Womens breasts.

Take Chickens and make broth of them, then add thereunto Fennel90 and Parsnip-roots, then take the newest-made Butter you can procure, and butter the roots therewith; having so done let her eat heartily, and her expectations therein will be speedily satisfied,

Against a Stinking-breath.

To prevent a Stinking-breath, you ought to keep your teeth very clean by rubbing them every morning with water and salt, which will also cure the Scurvy; you may if you please try Mr. Turners Dentifrices, which are every-where much cryed up. But if your breath be tainted, proceeding from some other cause, take Rosemary-leaves with the blossoms, if to be had, and seeth them in White-wine, with a little Myrrh, and Cinamon, and you will find the effect to answer your desires if you use it often.

For a Cancer in a Womans Breast.

Take Goose-dung and Cellydony91 , stamp them well together, and lay them Plaisterwise on the fore; this shall cleanse the Cancer, kill the Worm, and heal the Sore. For a Cancer in the Mouth take the juice of Plantane-Vinegar, and Rosewater, mingle together of each a like quantity, and wash the mouth often with them.

For young Children who by reason of the weakness of their Limbs can neither stand nor go.

Take Marjoram92 and Sage, of each a like quantity, beat them very well together, then strain out the juice, and put it into a double Glass-Vial, filling the Glass as full as it will hold; stop it then with paste very close all over, let it into an Oven, and there let it stand the time of an Houshold-loafs baking; taking it out, let it stand till it be cold; then breaking the paste round about it, see if the juice be grown thick; if so, break the Glass, and put what was therein contain'd, into a Gally-pot93 , and keep it. When you use it, take the quantity of two spoonfuls at a time and as much Marrow of an Oxleg, melt them together, and mingle them well, and both morning and evening anoint therewith (as warm as can be endur'd) the tender parts of the Childs legs, knees and thighs, chafing them well with your hands; and in a short time (Deo volente 94 ) the child will be able to go and stand; this receipt hath been ever found successful.

Notes

Page 29 - 87. 'Quartane Ague': violent fever.

Page 29 - 88. 'Plaister': plaster.

Page 30 - 89. 'Probatum est': a phrase used often in prescriptions and recipes, meaning "it has been proven or tested."

Page 30 - 90. 'Fennel': a fragrant plant with yellow flowers.

Page 30 - 91. 'Cellydony': (also spelled 'celidony') an herb.

Page 30 - 92. 'Marjoram': aromatic herb used while cooking.

Page 30 - 93. 'Gally-pot': small earthen glazed pot used by apothecaries for ointments and medicines.

Page 30 - 94. 'Deo volente': "God willing."

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